Most of us know all about CBD, how to incorporate it into our wellness routines and why it won’t get us high. But just as we’re getting used to the idea of CBD, along comes a brand new cannabinoid that most of us won’t have heard of: CBG. So what are the differences between CBD and CBG? What are its potential benefits, and is CBG oil safe? We’re here to help with our Jersey Hemp guide to this brand new cannabinoid on the block.
What is CBG?
CBG and its potential effects are gaining attention from health professionals and consumers, so it’s good to understand as much as possible about this plant-based cannabinoid. To find out about why CBG is different to other cannabinoids, it helps to understand some basic terms.
We’ll start with ‘cannabinoid’. This term refers to substances that interact with cannabinoid receptors in our body. The two main cannabinoid receptors are known as CB1, which is associated with our nervous system, and CB2 which is associated with inflammation. Those cannabinoid receptors are part of our body’s endocannabinoid system which helps regulate a range of normal functions including mood, metabolism, pain response and appetite.
Our body makes its own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids, and there are also many plant cannabinoids, called phytocannabinoids. The hemp plant and its cannabis-family cousins contain hundreds of plant-based cannabinoids including the well known cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is the one that produces the sensation of feeling high. Plant-based CBD and THC affect the body by interacting with our CB1 and CB2 receptors. Jersey Hemp’s CBD oils contain the recommended amounts of CBD, but no discernable THC, so they won’t get you high.
How is CBG different to CBD?
What you might not know is that the many phytocannabinoids in hemp all develop from a parent cannabinoid called cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Think of it as a ‘mother’ or stem cell for the rest of hemp’s cannabinoids. This parent cannabinoid decarboxylates to CBG with time and heat – in just the same way as CBD.
How is CBG made?
As a foundation molecule, hemp plants produce CBG during the first few weeks of flowering. Around week four or five, the CBG begins to be bio-synthesised into CBD and other phytocannabinoids. So harvesting for CBG happens much earlier – around week 4-6, compared to harvesting for CBD between 8-12 weeks. CBG is also a bigger molecule than CBD, so the separation and distillation process is more complex. This makes CBG expensive to produce, so it’s been dubbed ‘the Rolls Royce’ of cannabinoids.
So that’s the science. But what about CBG itself? Here at Jersey Hemp, we’re very proud to be launching CBG Oil for our customers, and it’s important that we educate people as much as we can about this fascinating cannabinoid.
CBG effects – what are they?
The first very important thing to understand about CBG is that like CBD, it’s very different from THC. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol can make you high, but CBD and CBG don’t have that effect. That’s why our products contain only non-discernable traces of THC.
CBG is the hemp plant’s precursor to CBD, so it’s similar in how it works with your body to support your wellness routines. However, CBG has been shown to be more potent in activating the endocannabinoid receptor system compared to CBD. Research conducted on CBG is still in its early stages, but it does look promising. So far, test tube and animal studies have shown some indications that CBG may play a role in the body’s response to colitis, neurodegeneration, certain cancers and could possibly have antibacterial properties. But we just don’t know enough about it yet.
Is CBG safe?
The potential health benefits of CBG could be extensive, but much more research needs to be carried out into the effects of CBG on humans before any claims are made.
What we do know is that CBG and CBD are both non-intoxicating, meaning that they won’t get you high in the way that THC can. But as part of a balanced wellness routine, they could help support your body’s natural systems that regulate mood, inflammation and anxiety responses. One interesting difference with CBG is that it may increase your appetite – this is something that hasn’t been noted with CBD (as far as we know)!
Where to find CBG?
CBG may not be on most people’s radar yet, especially as many people are only just starting to understand what CBD is and the differences between CBD and THC. But as CBG products like our own CBG Oil become more and more widely available, and we’re able to publish more information to keep our customers educated, we’re expecting the demand for this fascinating cannabinoid to increase.
Until then, we’re going to continue to work to produce the highest quality products that we can, because we want to make life better for the people who buy our products. We’re very excited about being able to bring the highest quality CBG oils to our customers right now, and look forward to more research and insights into this fascinating plant cannabinoid.